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North Dakota State PIRC is a Parent Information and Resource Center; Funded by US Department of Education, Office of Innovation and Improvement

Parent Expectations Support Achievement (PESA) presented by NDPIRC Staff

Call (701) 837-7511 to register.

Parent Expectations Support Achievement (PESA) is a powerful parent education program that teaches parents skills, or interactions, which improve children�s academic achievement, communication with family members, and self-esteem. PESA creates a link between home and school through development of a consistent environment of high academic expectations, standards, and care, which leads to achievement.

PESA is built on the belief that all children are highly valued members of society. Children need to have a safe, nurturing home environment, and one that is built on expectations and high standards. PESA is child-oriented but it is the parents� behaviors that change. As parents� behaviors change, children reflect those positive changes in their behavior.

During the PESA sessions, you will have the opportunity to meet and share with other parents. You will learn interactions which will help support your child�s academic achievement, develop meaningful communication, and create a safe and caring environment.

PESA recognizes the parent as the leader in the home. Within the role as a child�s first teacher, parents establish expectations for their children. Parents� expectations help develop their children�s behavior. Expectations for achievement and high standards support children�s success at home and at school. PESA builds on the strengths parents already have and provides additional skills from which to embrace parenting with confidence and enthusiasm.

In PESA trainings participants learn the following interactions:

Spending Time Together: Parents create opportunities for each child to have the parents' complete attention everyday.
Affirming or Correcting: Parents give specific and immediate feedback on an accomplishment that the child was asked to perform or which the child has performed without being asked to do so.
Closeness: Parents practice being physically close to each child on a consistent basis.
Coaching: Parents give individual help and support to the child.
Encouragement: Parents encourage the child’s efforts and behavior.
Courtesy: Parents talk to the child politely and respectfully.
Reflection: Parents give each child time to talk or respond to a question.
Reasons for Encouragement: Parents tell the child reasons a newly learned behavior or performance is being complimented.
Personal Interest and Recognition: Parents show interest and recognize the child's personal experiences by asking questions, giving compliments, or asking about subjects that interest the child.
Exploration: Parents help the child give a response by giving clues, rephrasing questions, or giving more information.
Listening: Parents pay attention to the child when they communicate verbally or nonverbally.
Touching: Parents communicate their closeness, openness, encouragement and love for the child through respectful and appropriate physical contact.
Thinking: Parents provide opportunities for children to think and to develop thoughtful answers by asking questions that require them to do more than merely remember a fact.
Recognizing and Acknowledging Feelings: Parents recognize and acknowledge the child's feelings and nonverbal behavior in a nonjudgmental manner. Parents are open and responsive to the child's ideas, answers, impressions, suggestions and replies.
Redirecting and Correcting Misbehavior: Parents ask the child to stop a misbehavior in a calm, courteous manner.

PESA fulfills the requirements of training parents, teachers, staff, and school administrators to work with parents under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
(Sec. 1118. Parental Involvement).

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